How to care teeth and gums

Dental-Care-For-ChildsWho would not like to smile confidently, showing off perfect white teeth? But this may not be possible if you are not taking good care of your teeth and gums.

How true! Most of us dread sitting in a dentist’s chair and have a drill thrust inside our mouths. So why not take good care of your gums and teeth by brushing regularly, and more importantly, avoiding that unpleasant trip to the dentist? It is extremely important to maintain dental hygiene. If you do not take proper care, not only are you at a risk of developing bad breath and gum and tooth infections, but the bacteria that can cause these problems can also cause digestive problems, and respiratory and heart diseases.
Brushing, Flossing, and Rinsing
There are two very important things that you should do as part of your basic dental care.

Brush at least twice a day, and preferably after every meal. Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride. Fluoride is an important ingredient and it helps prevent cavities and gingivitis. Toothpaste contains abrasives. These ingredients help to

how to cope with sore teeth

aid831631-728px-Deal-With-a-Sore-Tooth-Step-13Dental health is very important, although it is not taken seriously until the grave effects start showing up due to ignoring dental concerns. The part which helps to commence with the first phase of digestion, is our teeth and if there is a concern regarding teeth, regular metabolism can get affected quite bad. One such concern is sensitivity in the teeth. A sore tooth has many reasons to occur. Like not chewing the food properly, or not brushing the teeth well or a gum disease can factor this tooth problem. Secondly, sore teeth and gums are quite correlated. Even if one gets affected, the other suffers badly. So here, we will be discussing some sore tooth causes and remedies.

Care Tips and Home Remedies for Sensitive Teeth

Before we discuss some home remedies for this dental problem, it is important to understand the causes for gum sores and decaying teeth. A poor dental hygiene can result in gum diseases and canker sores. The underlying layer of teeth is made up of a calcified tissue, known as dentin. It is a protective blanket

Wisdom Teeth Infection

InfectedgumsSymptoms of Infected Wisdom Tooth

Sometimes, due to the scarcity of space, wisdom teeth erupt partially or they cannot erupt at all. Mostly, they erupt partially in such a bad manner that they cannot be brushed properly. The flap of gum tissue created by them can easily hold food particles and debris. This becomes a hot bed for the harmful bacteria to settle down. The bacteria gradually invade the wisdom tooth and the surrounding area. Thus, leftover food particles are mainly responsible for an infection in the tooth and gum. Eventually, it leads to tooth decay. Medically, the condition is known as ‘pericoronitis’. Following are the wisdom teeth infection signs:

  • Swollen gums
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth
  • Difficulty in chewing and swallowing
  • Bad smell or taste in the mouth, leading to bad breath.
  • Discharge of pus from the gum near the infected wisdom tooth.
  • Swollen lymph nodes under the jaw.
  • Swollen cheek (cheek on the affected side of the face)
  • Mild to severe toothache
  • Reddened, painful gums around the affected area
  • Muscle spasms in the jaw, though rare, may lead to excruciating pain.
  • Ulcers on the cheek
  • Mild to high fever
  • Development of a cyst

Best Foods for Teeth

Yes, there are certain foods which tend to affect dental health in a good way while some do so in a bad way. The bacteria present in the mouth tends to react with various foods that you put in your mouth. The bacteria will react with these foods and will cause tooth decay, while some foods don’t promote tooth decay at all. What happens is that the bacteria present in the mouth converts sugar into acids by reacting with the food that you eat. This acid begins to attack the tooth enamel, which starts the decaying process.

Foods that are Good for Teeth

Milk and Milk Products
Milk, yogurt, and cheese are one of the best choices of food to maintain good teeth and gum health. These foods protect the tooth enamel by coating it. These foods are high in calcium and phosphorus, which help to remineralize the teeth.

Fruits and Vegetables
Many fruits and vegetables which have a high water content are great for teeth and gum health. This is because, the water content in these foods dilutes the effects of sugars that they contain. These foods also tend to increase the flow of saliva, which protects against decay. The

Dental X-rays Safe

Dental X-ray is a very common diagnostic procedure, usually recommended by dentists to find out cavities and other dental problems in patients. Though X-rays are helpful in the diagnosis, overexposure to X-rays may lead to tissue damage, and in some extreme cases, it may result in the development of cancer.

However the intensity of the radiation during an X-ray is very low, and hence, it does not raise any risk. Today, there are improved and advanced X-ray machines which have lower intensity and high-speed X-rays, which require a very short duration of exposure. These machines are capable of taking an X-ray of a very small area, which reduces the possibility of exposure to other body parts. Although all these advancements reduce the ill effects of X-rays, recent studies have shown that X-rays might increase the risk of developing cancer.

What does the Yale University study say?

A study conducted by Dr. Elizabeth Claus and her colleagues at Yale University has shown that undertaking more number of dental X-rays increases the risk of developing brain tumor. The study involved comparing 1,433 Americans who already had meningiomas, with 1,350 people who never had meningioma. The participants of both the groups were of similar

Calcium Deposits on Teeth

Calcification, refers to the accumulation of calcium in the body, that is also visible on the teeth in the form of white spots. This is because the ameloblast cells (which help in the formation of the enamel) may add excess calcium during the development of the teeth. And this may lead to the formation of white spots or sometimes black or brown spots on your teeth. Here’s how you can manage this problem…

Make a Toothpaste
Make a homemade toothpaste using 2 tablespoons of baking soda with one tablespoon of three percent hydrogen peroxide. A stronger use of the peroxide could be harmful, as it is indeed a mild acid. Mix it well, and place it in a clean jar, ensuring you close the cover tight. This mixture can be stored for a maximum of one month. Use a very small amount of the mixture the first time you use it, to check if you have any side effects after usage. If you do notice any side effects, stop using it immediately. Keep it out of the reach of children until they understand how to use toothpaste without swallowing it.

Brush with Baking soda
Apply a small amount of toothpaste

Tips to Choose a Right Toothbrush for Kids

In the morning, with sleep in their eyes, most kids are reluctant to brush their teeth. If they agree, then they must have their favorite toothpaste and toothbrush only. Parents really have to struggle a lot to make the kids brush their teeth. Is choosing a right toothbrush for a kid, easy? The following article gives appropriate ways to choose a right tothbrush for kids.

It is said that an apple a day keeps the doctor away. But, the teeth required to eat that apple must be healthy. To maintain healthy teeth one needs to brush them daily. Even slightest ignorance can cause several oral problems. Unlike adults, kids neither understand the need, nor do they know how to take care of their teeth. If they are aware, then there are n number of reasons not to do it. It is solely the responsibility of the parents to encourage them till they learn to do it on their own. Usually, baby teeth are lost around the age of 7-8 years. Until then they help the child speak, eat and smile. According to dental experts, every phase of childhood should have an appropriate toothbrush. It should suit the

Tips to Cure Gingivitis

If your gums are red, swollen, and if they bleed while brushing, you are most likely suffering from gingivitis. This is one of the several gum diseases and is caused due to bacterial activity on accumulated tartar and plaque in the space between the gums and the teeth. It is very important to treat this disease as early as possible, to avoid major problems later.

Our gums are pink and firm when they are healthy and the first sign of gingivitis is the change in the color of the gums, which turn red in color and are tender to touch. They also bleed when you brush or floss your teeth. Another symptom is bad breath.

The process of curing gingivitis is a combination of professional and home dental care procedures. Let’s take a look at each of them in detail.

Visit the Dentist
As mentioned earlier, gingivitis is caused due to tartar and plaque in the mouth. Hence, the first thing you need to do is to get rid of the tartar and plaque by visiting a dentist. The dentist will clean off the tartar. This might be a difficult experience to go through, depending upon the amount of

How to Lip Piercing Care

Today’s youth is obsessed with making a style statement. While some people do so by getting a tattoo, others just get a body piercing or a facial piercing done. One of the most popular facial piercings is on the lip. It is a type of body piercing that is done on the lips or the areas surrounding the lips. Originally, these piercings were done by African tribes, but today, they have become a fashion statement.

There are many ways of doing them. No matter what style of piercing you choose, it is extremely crucial to get all the necessary information on what all types of piercings you can get on your lips and how to take proper care of them so that they heal completely.


Madonna/Monroe Piercing: Monroe piercing is done on the upper lip. It is named so because this piercing is normally done in the place of the famous actress Marilyn Monroe’s beauty spot. As compared to other piercings, this is less risky and takes less time to heal.

Medusa Piercing: Medusa Piercing is done just above the upper lip, in the philtrum, directly below the nose. It takes about six to seven weeks for a Medusa piercing to

Gum Infection Antibiotics

As we are all aware, dental hygiene is the key tip to maintain optimal dental health. In addition to regular brushing and flossing, one should go for dental cleaning at least twice in a year. Doing so helps in getting rid of the deposited plaque from the gum line. Even after practicing proper dental care tips, many people are diagnosed with gum disease. Those who smoke or eat too many sweets are at a higher risk of developing gum diseases than others. Since the causal organism is bacteria, antibacterial therapy is adopted for treatment of the dental problem.

When to Take Antibiotics for a Gum Infection

Gum disease is listed as one the most commonly reported medical problems worldwide. It usually starts with a mild inflammation of the gum tissues (or gingivitis), and then spreads to the adjacent gum, bone, and areas surrounding the teeth. As per statistics, 19 out of 20 people experience gum inflammation at one point or the other in their life. Those who do not follow dental hygiene end up with mild to severe conditions, like gingival abscesses, periodontal abscesses, and periodontitis. The notable gum infection symptoms include reddened gums, bleeding gum, gum recession, bad breath,

Gum Infection Treatment

Medically referred to as gingivae, gums are mucosal membranes that not only cover the fibrous connective tissue that provides support to the teeth, but also cover alveolar sockets. They are rich in blood vessels. They mainly receive blood from the alveolar arteries. With age, gums might recede, which in turn could expose the surface of the tooth. Those who don’t floss and brush their teeth regularly could also be at an increased risk of developing tooth decay and gum infections.

Causes and Treatment Options

Lack of dental hygiene is often the main reason behind dental problems. If one doesn’t brush teeth at night, bacteria might start growing around the food particles stuck between the teeth. At times, plaque might start forming on teeth. It might harden to form tartar, which in turn cannot be removed just by brushing the teeth. Bacteria could cause gingivitis, which refers to the inflammation of the gums. This condition is characterized by the following symptoms:

➞ Swollen gums
➞ Redness of the gums
➞ Bleeding gums, especially while brushing

Gingivitis can be prevented with daily brushing and flossing of the teeth. One can also opt for dental cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist.

If gingivitis is left

Swollen Gums in Children

A child suffering from swollen gums will obviously have dark red, extra sensitive and bulging out gums. This situation can get quite difficult if you, as an adult ,don’t take the right steps at the right time. Immediate care and treatment is very necessary as swollen gums may lead to certain infections of the mouth. Swollen gums in children is actually very common; it’s observed in more than 40% children alone in the US. One of the biggest causes of swollen gums in little kids is lack of oral hygiene. In many houses the importance of cleaning teeth and gums is not taught and hence kids grow up to be very carefree in terms of keeping their tooth enamel healthy.

Many parents are surprised when they notice that their kids are suffering from swollen gums. In some instances only a little part of the entire gum area would be swollen and at times the gum area between the teeth might be affected. The best thing to do over here is to tell your kid to brush his/her teeth properly and keep his mouth clean. Once the kid has been infected with swollen gums then any amount of rigorous brushing

Tips to Treat Infected Gums

Gums or gingival tissues can get infected due to bacterial invasion, which can happen as a result of lack of proper oral hygiene. There are several types of gum infections, out of which, the most common type is gingivitis. When proper dental hygiene is not maintained, tiny food particles can get lodged in between the teeth, and provide a favorable condition for bacterial growth, which at a later stage, can cause the build up of plaque on the teeth. This plaque can transform into calculus or tartar, and may ultimately cause infection and inflammation of the gums or cause gingivitis. If not treated promptly, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease, which can slowly destroy the tissues and bones that support the teeth. This can result in separation of the gums from the teeth, and the formation of pockets between them, which can get easily infected by bacteria. It is of immense importance to treat infected gums as soon as possible, in order to prevent such major gum diseases.

It should be known that periodontal disease does not confine itself to affecting the teeth and gums. An article in USA Today has a shocking revelation to make — that gum

Swollen Gums Around Tooth

Swollen gums can be quite a discomforting condition to deal with. It is one of the most common symptoms seen in many gum diseases. There are two types of swellings seen in gums: (1) Swellings due to abscess; and (2) Fibroid swellings. Most of the swellings seen in the oral cavity are due to abscesses as fibrous swellings are very rare and are mostly idiopathic.

What Causes Swollen Gums?

Poor Oral Hygiene
One of the most common causes of swollen gums is poor oral hygiene. Poor oral hygiene is where the person does not brush regularly and maintain care about his dental health, which can easily lead to food lodgment in the gums. These lodged food particles become breeding grounds for bacteria which eventually causes swollen gum infections. This is especially seen in cases where there are tight contact between the teeth due to which the bristles of the brush cannot reach the inter-dental gums. Furthermore, when there is tooth decay, the caries may reach the root canal, which will eventually cause a tooth abscess when left untreated, which will result in swollen gums.

Ill-Fitting Prosthesis
Sometimes, crowns that are fabricated and given to patients are either too tight or impinge

Tips to Brush Teeth after Root Canal

A root canal is perhaps the only way in which you could save your severely infected tooth. It definitely hurts to have a root canal, but trust me it would have been worse if you had not undergone the root canal treatment. A root canal treatment does not completely protect you from further infections, but it surely helps. To avoid more damage to your tooth, you should take good care of it.

Your dentist might have already given you instructions on brushing teeth after root canal, but I know that you would have hardly paid any attention to what he said, as you were just concentrating on the numbness in your mouth. Once your tooth is crowned, you can brush your teeth normally, but you should take extra care while brushing in the phase between the root canal and the installation of the crown.

Brushing Teeth Post Root Canal

Generally, after a root canal treatment, people fear that they might damage their tooth, their fear is totally justified, but this should not stop them from brushing their teeth properly. When I say “properly”, I do not mean that you should keep brushing your teeth for hours (it will do you more

Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, one of the important aspects in keeping good health is maintaining dental health. Due to the hormonal changes during pregnancy, gums swell and become red, bleed, food gets trapped inside which may result in decaying of the tooth. All these conditions may further result in extreme pain and stress in the tooth and gums. Hence you need to take care of your oral hygiene and prevent stress and discomfort. Usually during pregnancy, dental works like filling, capping and tooth extraction are avoided to minimize the risk of harming the baby from medication and diagnostic procedures. Dental cosmetic procedure should be completely avoided when you are expecting a baby. Only those dental works which are essential, and cannot be avoided, should be conducted during this phase. Tooth extraction can be done if the patient is suffering from severe tooth pain. So, let’s find out how safe it is to have tooth extraction and other dental work done during pregnancy.

Reasons for Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy

It is important to have healthy teeth at the time of pregnancy as you need to eat a lot of healthy things. Your teeth and gums are more susceptible to infection at the time

Dental Insurance for Seniors

The exorbitant cost of dental care has made it mandatory for people to have dental insurance. It is always better to get a dental plan before the problem arises to get competitively lower rates. In December 2011, 42% of the American senior citizens had faced tooth loss to an extent of replacing it with dentures and implants. Like this, there are several other dental problems that people have to face as they age.

About 97% of the insured population opt for dental health insurance plans that are employment-based. This is because employer-based dental insurance is a group insurance plan that has lower premium requirements as against individual dental insurance. Such plans are available for senior citizens also. As far as senior citizens are concerned, cost-effectiveness is one of the parameters that an insurance plan must fulfill. Here, we will discuss each of the plans in detail with its pro and cons.

Dental Plan Types Available in the Market Today

PPO Dental Insurance Plans
(Good Coverage, but High Prices)

Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs) are attractive due to the flexibility they provide while choosing a dentist. These plans can be regarded as gold for those who can afford it.

Big companies provide these plans to

Dental Implants Average Cost

Dental implants are one of the most sought after treatment options for missing teeth. Implants can also be used to support dentures (as in over-dentures). The dental implant procedure makes use of titanium screws that are fitted into drilled sockets in the jawbone. Prosthetic crowns are then placed on top of the screws. This procedure is to be followed by continuous and meticulous dental care to ensure its success. It is an extremely effective and convenient one-time treatment option, which helps to do away with removable partial dentures and bridges altogether. Most patients and dentists prefer opting for implants for one or two missing teeth (provided the bone density is at an optimum level). Normally, the cost of a basic implant would range from $1200 to $3000. However, depending on various other procedures involved, the price can shoot up to $30,000! The different factors responsible for the rise in spending include the cost of the material, dentist’s charges and laboratory charges.

Factors Affecting the Average Cost of Dental Implants

Information about the factors influencing the expenditure on these procedure can be found in short, in the following paragraphs.

Number of implants
The cost can vary depending on the number of implants

Dental Assistant Job Description

Just the fact that you’re getting into a medical field assures you a fantastic career ahead. Dentists are one of the highest paid health care professionals in today’s cut-throat competition, where every aspirant is striving to secure a lucrative future for themselves. The growing statistics with regards to health ailments have opened doors to a number of career opportunities for dental assistants, and every individual who aspires to carve a niche for themselves in the field of dentistry have a number of reasons to be happy. In accordance with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, America, jobs in dental assistance are expected to grow by nearly 40 per cent in the coming few years, and that’s reason enough for many medical aspirants to grab hold of the many opportunities this immensely lucrative career offers. That said, let’s learn all about dental assistants, starting from their nature of work, and education requirements, followed by a general idea of the pay scale as well as career prospects.

Nature of Work
Under strict supervision of a dentist, a dental assistant performs a number of laboratory and patient care duties such as preparing the patients for treatment, developing X-rays, sterilizing instruments and tools, maintaining

Low Cost Dental Care

Dental care is an extremely important part of maintaining oral hygiene. To maintain proper oral health, a person needs to visit the dentist at least twice a year. Since only the most primary dental care is covered by health insurance plans, more than 150 million Americans do not have dental coverage. Also, the treatment of teeth is very expensive in the US, and therefore many people are often on the lookout for dental services at affordable prices. Such services aren’t very easy to find as most people tend to get their treatment at private clinics. However, there are a few options that may help you save money.

Many dental schools offer free dental checkups and treatments on special occasions. These are dental camps which are organized on holidays or around Christmas time. This is a great opportunity to get a free checkup done. This will help you determine the type of treatment needed by you. Also the dentist at the camp may guide you about where to go next to get that treatment at the lowest possible price.

Check your area for a dental school since the students tend to practice on patients. Therefore these schools charge very